The question of the last article was: “What if I have a word with many meanings?”. To answer this question we have to know about “Polysemy!”. Polysemy is a Greek word compounds from Poly (πολυ) = many, and Sêma (σῆμα) = sign/ meanings; which means: “many meanings”. We can describe this term as:
One word contains two meanings or more, are relatives.
Let’s take some examples to understand it more:
- The word Head means:
A part in the top of the human body; and
The adminstration (the top person) at some company
- The word Mouth means:
- A part (hole) in the face; and
- A cave (hole) in a mountain.
OK, what I have a word, contains two or more meanings, with no relationship between them? This case is called “Homonyms” which means:
One word with two or more unrelated meanings, for example:
- Part of foot or shoe.
- A creature;
- A disease in skin.
OK, OK, that is good, but there is a question is still not answered: Why cannot we say Business Guy instead of Business Man???
- Wikipedia. Homonym. N.d. Web. 19 Feb. 2017.
- Wikipedia. Polysemy. N.d. Web. 19 Feb. 2017.
- Yule, George. The Study of Language; 5thed. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2014. Web.