At a high school, a teacher stood up to greet the students, and introduce a new student to them…
– “Good morning all, this is Jobson, your new colleague at the class, please greet him. May you introduce yourself before your colleagues, Jobson?”
= “Hello, everyone! My name is Ronald Jobson, I’m from Wales, and I’m 17 years-old, my father works as a business guy…”
CUT!!! Is it correct to say:
In language, we study a branch in linguistics called: Semantics. Under this branch we can find “Synonyms”! Synonyms is “Two or more words with very closely related meanings.” (Yule 113)
Such as: (father – dad) (good – well) (big – large) (cap – taxi), etc…
This sameness is not 100% in all of words, which means, we cannot find two words share the same meaning exactly together, always we can find some difference between them in one point at least. This difference being according to:
- The Formality: Two or more words share -nearly- the same meaning together, but, one of them is used in formal speech/text, and the other is used in informal one. Such as: (purchase – buy) or (man – guy). The first one is formal, but the second one is informal.
- The Context: We can find two words have the same meaning, but we cannot use one of them in some contexts. For example: Broad and Wild: “We signed on a broad agreement” and “The World Wide Web”. And the vice not versa 🙂 .
- The Accent: In this point, we can see the sameness is nearly 100% because the words here share the same meaning. However, this belief is wrong, there are some words we can find their alternatives in the same language but in another accent, so, we cannot consider it as “Full Sameness” when we can use the word in its accent only. Like in British and American English: (sweet – candy) (maize – corn) (chips – fries), etc…
As we saw here, there are a lot of words in one language may contain the same meaning but not the same usage. However, what if I have one word with many of meanings?
This will be the second part of “Business Guy” Series, and I hope that my little words being useful for you … If you have any question, suggestion, or opinion you can leave it in a comment. Enjoy 😉
- Yule, George. The Study of Language, fifth edition. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2014. Web.